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Tribune : Referendum on Eurocosmos
The Eurocosmos team prepared for this year’s simulation eight proposals for you to debate on. To make this event even more inclusive, you are free to vote for your favourite ones! Four of them will be kept at last. 

 

Brexit

On the 23rd of June it was clear: the United Kingdom, for more than four decades part of the European project, would leave the European Union. While some still wonder about the reasons for this, we will face the future and simulate the negotiations about the conditions of the Brexit. Will the European Union impose harsh conditions upon British goods’ access to the European  market  or  will  the  British  government  succeed  in  maintaining  an  economic partnership?  Furthermore,  will  all  British  citizens,  including  the  Scots,  who  voted  mostly against the Brexit, loose their European citizenship? All these questions have to be solved and we count on you, either to strike for the independence of the United Kingdom in the name of Her Majesty or to defend one of the most progressive political projects of the 21st century.

Social dumping

Debates concerning social dumping are constantly taking place in Europe. In the last few years, the numbers of European workers, who have been posted to other member states has increased by almost 50%. This shows that companies providing services across the borders are an essential component of the internal market. However, posted workers raise both legal and political questions.

According to a 2016 report from the European Commission, a worker posted from Portugal or Poland to the Netherlands, earning the same net income, can save an employer up to 25% on labour costs through the difference in social security payments. It means that an employer is not obliged to pay a posted worker more than the minimum rate of pay set by the host country, because posted workers do not integrate the labour market of the host member state. This can create  wage  differences  between  posted  and  local  workers  and  potentially  lead  to  unfair competition between companies. This means that posted workers are often remunerated less than other workers for the same job.

The aim of this proposal is to revise rules on posting of workers within fair wage conditions and fair competition. Remuneration of posted workers, rules on temporary work agencies and long-term posting must be considered. It must ensure that rules on remuneration are applied both  to  local  and  posted  workers  and  are  subject  to  the  same  working  conditions  as  local workers.

Fiscal dumping

In today’s European Union, the question of Fiscal Governance is often on the top agenda, and is often seen as one of the major flaws of the Union, supposingly enhancing the already existing monetary alliance. When we talk about fiscal governance, we mean the rules, regulations and procedures that define how budgetary policy is planned, approved, and carried out by member states.

It is a concept that raises multiple unanswered questions: how can a better management of the European budget be established? What is the weight of the European budget within negotiations among member states? To what extent should budgetary rules be reformed in the European Union? Finally, and most importantly, is fiscal Integration the next step for the European Union to deepen cooperation and put aside budgetary disputes between member states and the Commission? The “proposal for a fiscal Europe” will try to answer these questions, by analysing, reforming and complementing the rules and fiscal regulations in the Union.

JCC (Joint Crisis Committee)

You  always  wanted  to  defend  Europe  in  a  military confrontation against a  hostile takeover? Or do you want to prove your talent as a head of diplomacy in tough negotiations with stubborn autocrats? Or do you simply want to save Europe, after one of its strongest allies elected a political clown for its leader? Then the Joint Crisis Committee of Eurocosmos is the perfect solution for you! Stop living as a passive observer and take part in solving one of Europe’s most dangerous crises.

Europe of Defence

Last year, we proposed a European Counter-Terrorism proposal. In order to achieve this project and increase the responsibilities of the Common Security and Defence Policy (CSDP), we should firstly examine how we could strengthen the key basis of the CSDP. From a European hard power would follow an incredible European political weight in the international community. Europe may be a strong economic actor on the international level, but it seems to be a weak political actor. The proposal’s aim would be to consider the plausible options for the purpose of achieving such a project and secure the European future. This could be accomplished if all European members cooperate in military domains. It would secure a military cooperation, even if it first begins with small symbolic actions. This would be the first steps in order to reach a Europe of Defence.

Candidacy of a country

The relation between the EU and Turkey is in a state of permanent crisis. The last status report of the Commission recently certified massive deficits when it comes to freedom of speech and the respect of the rule of law. The muzzling of the press, opponents’ confinement, the considerable backward movement of the secularism in the country and even a possible  reintroduction  of  the  death  penalty  are  just  some  examples  which  show  the authoritarian drift of Erdogan’s government. He even threatened to tear up a landmark deal to stem the flow of refugees into Europe a day after the European Parliament urged governments to freeze EU accession talks with Ankara. On his side the president does not seem to rule out the eventuality of Turkey outside the EU and has even to declare to want to hold a referendum has this subject. Given these worrisome evolutions what should be the strategy of the EU?

Should it try to normalize and tighten its relations with Turkey by for e.g. continuing the negotiations concerning the grant of visa to the Turkish citizen or on the contrary should it firmly defend its values with and consequently interrupting definitively the procedure of Turkish membership?

The Revival of a Historical Event: The Fall of the Berlin Wall (November 9, 1989)

On November 9th 1989, history changed its course as the iron curtain dividing two opposed ideologies was torn down while the entire world stood in disbelief. For 28 years, the Berlin Wall marked the border line between the post-war partition of the victors of the Second World War into four sectors of Germany and furthermore Western democrats and Eastern communists. Its significance towards people’s lives as well as the many struggles it brought along cannot be undermined. Its fall symbolised a key turning event in diplomatic and government powers and furthered the supremacy of the capitalist ideology of Western countries, as communist regimes fell successively.  Moreover, the reunification of Germany meant the reconciliation of two Europes and sought a new “hope for tomorrow, for a Europe which will be a space of peace, prosperity and exchanges” (Jacques Delors, former President of ECC).

European carbon price

With  the  ratification  of  the  Paris  Agreement  on  the  fight  against climate change after the COP 21, there is now a great amount of urgency in the requirement for Union-wide regulations on policies. The 2017 proposal on climate change will aim at establishing realistic and  readily applicable solutions, especially, though not limited to, a common and expansive carbon “cap and trade”. In voting for this proposal, you will give Eurocosmos the chance to dive into the subtleties of the European energy policy and to present to you the solutions its Commission has managed to come up with.

Par Eurocosmos (Projet Collectif)